NORCOR Programs & Recidivism Reduction
The Northern Oregon Regional Correctional Center, NORCOR, has seen an increasing number of repeat offenders, Parole/Probation violators and an increase in those who are suffering from either a Mental Health condition or from some form of Substance Abuse. This has put an increased burden on the NORCOR facility and the member counties who make up NORCOR. This situation is not unique to NORCOR, it exists in county jails across the country.
The Vera Institute of Justice reports that the number of annual admissions to jails has nearly doubled from six million in 1998 to 11.7 million in 2013. They found that 72% of people in jail with a serious mental illness also have a substance use disorder and that 68% of all jail inmates have a diagnosable substance abuse disorder. In addition, the average length of stay has increased from 14 days in 1998 to 23 days in 2013. These are sobering facts when one looks at the costs associated with these populations, according to the Vera institute from 1982 to 2011, local expenditures on corrections - largely building and running jails - increased nearly 235%. Of the more than 60 Billion spent annually on correctional institutions, 22.2 billion, or about one third is spent by local jurisdictions.
NORCOR is starting to gather the data to validate these trends locally. Our average daily population for FY 14 was 120 with over 300 admissions and discharges per month. The average length of stay was 13 days, with a recidivism rate of over 60%. Many of these returning individuals have a substance use disorder or are suffering from a diagnosable mental illness. Of the 3360 total admissions last year two thirds were released within 6 days, with the remainder releasing within the year.
In an attempt to reduce our recidivism numbers, provide treatment options, case management and transition services to this volatile population and subsequently reduce the overall cost to the NORCOR counties, NORCOR is instituting an evidenced based reentry program.
Reentry is a seamless plan of services and supervision that encompasses the individual from remand to discharge from community supervision. This process includes the screening and assessment of an offender’s risk/needs and strengths, the offender’s enrollment in programs that reduce risk and addresses his or her needs during confinement, and provides for reentry interventions and services that continue through an offender’s transition, reintegration and aftercare in the community. This is a nationally recognized, comprehensive three phased approach to offender management and reentry services. This three-phased approach consists of initial screening, assessment and referral to inmate programming (Phase One), program completion, release preparation and planning (Phase Two), and the release to community supervision, services and ultimately discharge from supervision (Phase Three).
Depending on their assessment and classification, offenders will be referred into the following programs; (Phase 1)
Substance Abuse; Living in Balance: SAMHSA endorsed evidenced-based treatment program consisting of a 12 session core program (completed within 30 days), 21 aftercare or additional core management sessions (provided to augment the core sessions), and a 10 session co-occurring disorders program (for those who are dually diagnosed, completed within 30 days).
The Criminal Attitudes Program: A comprehensive evidenced-based cognitive-behavioral program, that focuses specifically on criminal attitudes, values, beliefs and rationalizations.
Anger Management: A 12 session Anger management system utilized to address offenders self-regulation, interpersonal coping and anger expression skills.
Parenting; Inside/Out Dads: A 12 session parenting program for incarcerated fathers.
Active Parenting Today: A 6 session parenting program for incarcerated moms.
Job readiness and Reentry program/group: Teaches money management, resume writing, interviewing and career enhancement skills.
Phase 2 will consist of release planning and release preparation. This includes at a minimum a summary of treatment programs completed, programs still needed and a release plan that includes an offenders risk/strengths/needs in the areas of housing, employment, positive social support, family reunification, aftercare, education, finances, legal obligations, childcare and transportation needs (the case management plan).
Phase 3 consists of release and supervision services. It involves immediate and short-term enrollment and/or referrals for services and also involves long-term stabilization of the offender and the development or establishment of relationships with appropriate community support networks.
modified: 06/16/2016 04:58 pm